The Old City of Berne represents the adaptation of a medieval city into a modern capital. Berne was founded in 1191 by Berchthold V, Duke of Zähringen. After a fire in 1405, which almost completely destroyed the wooden-built town, the houses where rebuilt of sandstone. The medieval structure of the city originating from that time has remained unchanged up to the present day. After the Middle Ages, monumental fountains, the cathedral, patrician houses and large public monuments were added to t
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